Retrieves hatch chart... in the Poconos, it’s cooling off....Terrestrials only.... Ants, grasshoppers, caterpillars, beetles. A Visual observation- flying bugs are mostly gone. I would go with a few winged ANTS . I tie with wings, In case of a swarm on the water. Pluck a couple wings off. For general use. And some Simple Hoppers like a Joes Hopper or a Le Tort Hopper or even An Elk hair Hopper with Rubber band legs. Late season hoppers are BIG , so size 10 2xl hook.
Could not agree more with @Jeffreys. Right on the money!
My only add would be to carry the Great October Caddis pupa and dry imitations if your waters have the species. IMHO, it’s the one of two dry flies (Eastern Green Drake is the other), that offer a chance for a trophy trout.
The dry October Caddis is perhaps less important due to usually smaller numbers (no massive hatches here), but the pupae are readily taken on my waters.
@micmac is correct with regards to the October Caddis as well. Fish an emerger imitation.
Big gnarly streamers. My experience has been as winter begins to show its ugliness here in the north the feed bag comes on. Bruisers are looking for a big easy meal. Streamers up here are more important than ever.
Can’t disagree with you @jredwine.
My experience here is that the BGS (big gnarly streamers) get super effective in very late fall and early winter before the fish get lethargic with the cold.
The thing that still puzzles me though, is why do they get picky and only want midge size flies when there are big mouthfuls of BGS to grab?????
Big trout (browns especially I believe) are so wary that conditions have to almost be perfect for them to feed. Weather, time of day and given the fact they will eat the plentiful amount of young trout that are present they rarely need to chase our streamers. If you believe in lunar tables etc. you could factor that in as well. That is why night fishing (almost impossible where I live) seems to produce so many of the bigger fish. This is my opinion, however, and certainly not scientific fact. I’ve only taken one big trout prior to dusk in my life. The rest have all come when I could barely see where I was casting due to darkness. Keep in mind I don’t live on big trout rivers. Wisconsin is spring creek country. A wide spot would be 25’. Usually stream width is less than that and very canopied.
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